Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV in Nigeria kitap kapağı
Kitap başlığı:

Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV in Nigeria

A comparison of the HAART and the short course ARV approaches in some AIDS Relief ART facilities in Nigeria

LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing (2013-09-05 )

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ISBN-13:

978-3-659-45688-6

ISBN-10:
3659456888
EAN:
9783659456886
Kitabın dili:
İngilizce
Özet:
Evolution of prevention strategies provides multiple options for managing HIV infection in pregnancy. There is a need to evaluate successes and risks associated with these PMTCT strategies. In a retrospective cohort study, records of mothers who received either of two PMTCT strategies were linked with infant records and analyzed. From a total of 286 paired records, 225 (78.7%) received HAART, 38 (13.3%), Sc-ARVs while 23 (8%) had no ARVs in pregnancy. Overall transmission rate was 2.4% (5/208) in infants from the HAART group and 7.9% (3/38) for the Sc-ARV group. At ninth month of life 1% of infants in the HAART group and 13% in the Sc-ARV group were infected. Four infections occurred in the HAART group after ninth month of life due to breast milk exposure. Factors found to be associated with risk of vertical transmission included duration of ART use > 3 months (OR 0.19: 95%CI 0.04-0.90), mixed feeding (OR 3.68: 95%CI 1.01-13.52), HAART in pregnancy (OR 0.07: 95%CI 0.02-0.28) and infant post exposure ARV prophylaxis (OR 0.19: 95%CI 0.05-0.77). Conclusion: HAART is a comparably more efficient PMTCT strategy in improving HIV free survival among exposed infants.
Yayınevi:
LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
Websitesi:
https://www.lap-publishing.com/
Yazar:
Jummai Apata, Ayodotun Olutola
Sayfa sayısı:
60
Yayın tarihi:
2013-09-05
Hisse:
Mevcut
Kategori:
Tıp
Fiyat:
23.90 €
Anahtar kelimeler:
HIV, HAART, PMTCT, Mother to child tranmission of HIV, short course ARV, AIDSRelief, EHESP

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