Bookcover of About nonsense-mediated quality control mechanisms in mammals
Booktitle:

About nonsense-mediated quality control mechanisms in mammals

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences

Südwestdeutscher Verlag für Hochschulschriften (2009-12-10 )

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ISBN-13:

978-3-8381-1317-3

ISBN-10:
3838113179
EAN:
9783838113173
Book language:
English
Blurb/Shorttext:
In order to assure the high accuracy of gene expression, eukaryotes have evolved diverse quality- control mechanisms that recognize and degrade messenger RNAs (mRNAs) that fail to encode a complete and functional protein. Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) recognizes and degrades mRNAs that harbor a premature translation termination codon (PTC). Yet, the molecular mechanism of NMD is not solved. A central step is the distinction of a PTC from a normal translation termination codon. We found that normal mRNAs can be turned into an NMD substrate by elongating the 3’ untranslated region (3’UTR) in mammalian cells. Furthermore, PTC- containing mRNAs can be stabilized by bringing the poly(A) tail in close spatial proximity of the PTC, and consistently, PTC-containing mRNAs are stabilized by tethering of poly(A)-binding protein. Together with studies performed in other eukaryotes, we propose an evolutionary conserved, unified model for PTC recognition. Most importantly, these results demonstrate that spatial rearrangements of the 3’UTR can modulate the NMD pathway and thereby provide a novel mechanism for posttranscriptional gene regulation.
Publishing house:
Südwestdeutscher Verlag für Hochschulschriften
Website:
https://www.svh-verlag.de
By (author) :
Lukas Stalder
Number of pages:
104
Published on:
2009-12-10
Stock:
Available
Category:
Biochemistry, biophysics
Price:
53.90 €
Keywords:
RNA Stability Gene Expression Regulation Nonsense Codon 3'' Untranslated Regions messenger RNA Genetic Diseases Gene Silencing, RNA Stability Gene Expression Regulation Nonsense Codon 3’ Untranslated Regions messenger RNA Genetic Diseases Gene Silencing

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